Country factsheets

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

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Date of search

23 Dec 2021


Certificate adoption

People can view their COVID-19 status online and download or print it as a PDF document. A letter confirming vaccination status can be requested for any residents who will travel internationally to destinations requesting evidence. Domestic use only on trial for events. All people can view their status on the App. A pass can be requested if you’ve had a negative PCR test or lateral flow test result within the past 48 hours, which you’ve reported on the NHS website. These passes last 48 hours after the test result. Alternatively, you can request a pass if you’ve had a positive PCR test result within the last six months, and have finished self-isolating. In this case the pass lasts for 180 days after the rest result.

Also, you must be able to demonstrate that you have been completely vaccinated as part of a vaccination program by providing authorized proof of certification. There are various methods for demonstrating vaccination status:

  • If you reside in England, you can get the NHS COVID Pass (For international or domestic use)
  • The Digital COVID Certificate issued by the EU
  • A vaccination card issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for citizens of the United States.
  • A vaccination certificate

Instrument type

Vaccination, immunity, and negative test result


Certificate name

NHS Covid Pass, can be requested via the NHS website or the NHS app, as long as they have received both vaccines in England.


Certificate details

  • NHS COVID Pass lets you share your coronavirus (COVID-19) vaccination results in a secure way. It allows you to show others that you’ve had a full course of the COVID-19 vaccine when travelling abroad to some countries or territories. Contains a 2D code with an exprity date which is refreshed every 2 weeks for authenticity.
  • Beginning Monday, July 19, you may be required to show your COVID-19 status via NHS COVID pass as a condition of access to a venue or event in England that uses the service.
  • For international travel, you can receive an NHS COVID Pass after acquiring one of the following:
    • 2 doses of Moderna, AstraZeneca, or Pfizer vaccination – 1 dose of Janssen vaccine
    • Natural immunity demonstrated by a positive PCR test result for COVID-19 that lasts for 180 days after the positive test date and following termination of the self-isolation period
  • You should be able to get your NHS COVID Pass within 24 hours after receiving your vaccine. It may, however, take about 5 days for your data to be updated.

Certificate format

Electroic and paper-based.


Entry protocol

For vaccinated travellers

  •  This is what you must do if you meet the fully vaccinated requirements for travel to England. Prior traveling to England, you must:
    • Schedule and pay for a day 2 COVID-19 test, which will be administered following your arrival.
    • Fill out a passenger location form — this must be done within 48 hours of your arrival in England.On your passenger location form, insert your COVID-19 test booking reference number.
  •  You must take a COVID-19 test on or before day 2 after arriving in England. You must schedule this exam before departing. If you will be in England for fewer than two days, you must still arrange and pay for a COVID-19 test on day two. You only have to take the test if you are still in England on the second day. Fully vaccinated implies that you have had a full course of an authorized vaccination at least 14 days before to your arrival in England. The day you received your final dose is not one of the 14 days.
  • You must quarantine until the test result is negative. If your test result is late, you must quarantine until you obtain a negative result or until day 14 following your arrival.
  • You must self-isolate for 10 days if:
    • your test result is positive.
    • your test result is ambiguous. However, you may take another private test. If your test result is negative, you can end the quarantine period.
  •  Several countries or territories are approved for proof of vaccination;
    • Such as Philippines, South Korea, Japan, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, India, Indonesia
    • Please check the section “Remarks” for a full list of these countries.
  •  Even if you are not completely vaccinated, you must follow the fully vaccinated guidelines if you:
    • are under the age of 18 and live in the UK or one of the countries or territories with endorsed proof of vaccination
    • are participating in an approved COVID-19 vaccine trial in the UK or the USA (US residents only for USA trials)
    • are unable to have a COVID-19 vaccination due to a medical reason approved by a clinician under the new medical exemptions procedure and live in England

For recovered travellers

  • Those who have had COVID-19 but only had one dose of a two-dose vaccination must adhere to the guidelines for unvaccinated arrivals.
  • For travel abroad: You can get your NHS COVID Pass after getting one of the following:
    • evidence of natural immunity demonstrated by a positive PCR test result for COVID-19 that lasts for 180 days after the positive test date and after the self-isolation period is completed
  • A lateral flow device (LFD) test should be used if you have recently recovered from COVID but are no longer contagious. Because LFD tests are less sensitive than PCR or LAMP testing, they are less likely to give a positive result from a previous infection. The LFD test must fulfill the above-mentioned minimal performance criteria.
  • For UK Citizen, please check again for domestic use and international use.

For unvaccinated travellers

  •  If you have not been properly vaccinated. This is what you must do if you do not meet the fully vaccinated requirements for travel to England.
  •  Before you come to England, make sure you are properly vaccinated. Before traveling to England, you must:
    • complete a COVID-19 test – this must be done three days before your trip.
    • arrange and pay for COVID-19 test on day 2 and day 8 – to be taken after arrival in England
    • Fill out a passenger location form — this must be done within 48 hours of your arrival in England.
  • When you come in England, if you will not be completely vaccinated. When you arrive in England, you must:
    • quarantine for 10 days at home or in the location where you are living
    • take your pre-booked COVID-19 test on or before day 2 and on or after day 8
    • You must schedule these tests prior to your trip. If you are in England for fewer than 10 days, you must quarantine for the duration of your stay. You must schedule travel exams on days 2 and 8. You must only take the tests if you are still in England on those dates.
    • Those who have had COVID-19 but only had one dose of a two-dose vaccination must adhere to the guidelines for unvaccinated arrivals.
  • You must self-isolate for 10 days if:
    • Your day 2 test is positive, and the quarantine period begins on that day. Furthermore, if your day 2 test is positive, you do not need to take the day 8 test.
    • your day 8 test is positive and the quarantine period begins on that day.
    • your day 2 test is ambiguous.
    • your day 8 test is ambiguous.

For children

  • When traveling with children, the laws for children differ depending on their age and place of residency. Children residing in the United Kingdom or in a country where confirmation of vaccination has been authorized. Children of all ages who are residents of the United Kingdom or a country with an approved evidence of vaccination do not need to be quarantined when they arrive in England. They do not required to undergo any COVID-19 travel tests if they are under the age of four.
  • 5–17 year olds:
    • do not need to take a COVID-19 exam before traveling to England .
    • must conduct a day 2 test on or before day 2 – arrival day is day 0
  • Children who live in other countries Children aged 5 to 17 from any country that is not on the authorized proof of vaccination list must:
    • take a COVID-19 test (if 11 or older) before traveling to England.
    • undertake a COVID-19 test in England on or before day 2 – The first day is the arrival day.
    • do a COVID-19 test on or after day 8 in England – arrival day is day 0 – quarantine at home or wherever they’re staying for 10 days, or for the remainder of their stay if shorter than 10 days
  • Children under the age of four from these other countries are exempt from having to undergo a travel test.

For additional entry

  • If you have spent more than 10 days in a red list nation or territory before arriving in England, you must meet the red list regulations. You must do this whether or whether you are completely vaccinated. If quarantine is required, you may be able to finish it sooner if you pay for a private COVID-19 test under the Test to Release initiative.
  • If you have visited or traveled through a country or territory on the red list in the 10 days preceding your arrival in England, you will be permitted to enter the UK only if you are either:
    • a British or Irish national – have resident rights in the UK Travel to countries or territories on the red list should be avoided if you live in England.
    • If you have not previously visited a nation or territory on the red list, you must follow particular regulations while entering England.
  • Red list of countries and territories
    • Kindly recheck the measure regarding the red nations entry in this link again.

Vaccine authorised to be used in the country

  • Moderna
  • AstraZeneca Oxford AZD1222
  • Pfizer BioNtech
  • J&J

Vaccine accepted for inbound travellers

  • The vaccination must be given under one of the following cases:
    • The UK vaccination program
    • The UN vaccine program for workers and volunteers
    • An abroad vaccination program with authorized evidence of vaccination for travel to the UK
  •  You must have completed a full course of one of the following vaccinations at least 14 days before arriving in England: (The day of your last dose does not record as one of the 14 days.)
    • Oxford/AstraZeneca
    • Pfizer BioNTech
    • Moderna
    • Janssen
    • AstraZeneca Covishield
    • AstraZeneca Vaxzevria
    • Moderna Takeda
    • Sinovac
    • Sinopharm
    • Covaxin
  •   If a vaccination requires two doses for a full course, you can:
    • combine two distinct types of vaccine from the above list, such as Oxford/AstraZeneca and Moderna
    • having the two vaccines administered under two separate approved programs, such as Australia and Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States, or France and Canada.
  • Even if you are not completely vaccinated, the following guidelines apply:
    • under the age of 18 and residing in the United Kingdom or another country or territory where evidence of vaccination has been accepted
    • Participating in a COVID-19 vaccination studies in the United Kingdom or the United States (US residents only for USA trials)
    • ineligible for a COVID-19 vaccination for a medical reason that has been accepted by a doctor through the medical exemptions process, and you live in England

Border status

Partially open; non nationals from red list countries banned, mandatory institutional quarantine for nationals from these countries


Remarks

  • Several countries or territories are approved for;
    • Vaccine certificate
      • Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Albania, Angola, Anguilla, Antarctica/British Antarctic Territory, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan
      • The Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands , Brunei
      • Cambodia, Canada, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica
      • Djibouti, Dominica
      • Egypt, Eswatini
      • Falkland Islands
      • Georgia , Ghana, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guernsey , Guyana
      • Honduras, Hong Kong
      • India, Indonesia, Isle of Man, Israel
      • Jamaica, Japan , Jersey (Covid status certificate), Jordan
      • Kenya, Kosovo, Kuwait
      • Lebanon, Lesotho
      • Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritius, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Montserrat
      • Namibia, Nepal, New Zealand , Nigeria, North Macedonia
      • The Occupied Palestinian Territories, Oman
      • Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands
      • Qatar
      • Rwanda
      • Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, South Arica, South Korea, Sri Lanka, St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands
      • Taiwan , Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Turks and Caicos Islands
      • Uganda, Uruguay, United Arab Emirates (UAE)
      • Vietnam
    • EU DCC – The EU DCC cannot be used to submit confirmation of vaccination status to the UK passenger location form.
      • Andorra
      • Bulgaria
      • Czech Republic (Czechia)
      • Germany
      • Latvia, Liechtenstein
      • Monaco
      • San Marino
      • Ukraine
    • EU DCC – This can be used to provide proof of vaccination status to the UK passenger locator form, however travellers must be fully vaccinated with an authorised vaccine.
      • Austria
      • Belgium
      • Croatia, Cyprus
      • Denmark
      • Estonia
      • Finland , France
      • Greece
      • Hungary
      • Iceland , Ireland, Italy
      • Lithuania, Luxembourg
      • Malta, Morocco
      • Netherlands, Norway
      • Poland, Portugal
      • Romania
      • Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland
      • Vatican City
    • CDC card confirming completion of a full course of an FDA-approved vaccination in the United States, as well as proof of residency in the United States.
      • US