Country factsheets


Date of search

7 September 2021

Certificate adoption

Yes, the EU Digital COVID Certificate is in operation in the region. Non EU certificates are acceptable too, with requisite infomration in a format readable by port authorities (air and sea).

Instrument type

Both vaccination and immunity based

Certificate name

EU Digital COVID Certificate (EUDCC)


Some countries allowed since May 24, but all tourists accepted since Jun 7

Certificate details

National authorities are responsible for issuing the certificate. It may be issued, for example, by hospitals, testing centres or health authorities.

The digital version can be stored on a mobile device. Citizens can also request a paper version. Both will have a QR code containing essential information, as well as a digital seal to ensure that the certificate is authentic. The complete vaccination schedule must be available for the vaccination certificate to be valid. As part of the documentary control carried out at the points of entry, passengers may be asked, at any time, for proof of vaccination/diagnostic test/recovery of COVID-19.

This certificate or supporting document (vaccination, diagnostic test, recovery) must be the original; it must be written in Spanish, English, French or German and may be submitted in paper or electronic format. Any such document shall contain at least the following information: Traveller’s name and surnames, personal identification number used to obtain SpTH QR. In addition:

(1) In the case of documentary evidence of vaccination:

  • Vaccine administered
  • Date of complete vaccination
  • Country where vaccinated.

***In terms of the vaccination certificate’s validity, it was stated that the document would become valid 14 days after the final dose of the vaccine was delivered and would stay valid for one year after that.

(2) If the document accredits a diagnostic test:

  • date the sample was taken.
  • identification and contact details of the centre performing the analysis
  • technique used and negative result.

***The certificate showing recovery must include the date of the first positive test, a statement indicating the passenger has recovered from the disease and is no longer infectious, as well as the nation where the certificate was given.

(3) The medical certificate must indicate:

  • the date of testing positive.
  • states that the traveler has recovered from the disease and is currently uninfected.
  • the country that issued the certificate.

***If the document is not in Spanish, English, French, or German format This document must be accompanied by a Spanish translation issued by an official authority.

Certificate format

Both, digital preferred.

Entry protocol

From 1 May 2021, people whose country of origin of travel to Spain is the Republic of India, with or without intermediate stopovers, must remain in quarantine for 10 days after their arrival in Spain, or for the duration of their stay if it is shorter than that. This period may end earlier, if on the seventh day the person is tested for acute infection with negative results. For others, preliminary checks of temperature, further immediate testing if symptoms detected.

For general entry

  • All passengers entering Spain must complete and sign a Health Control Form, which may be done electronically. Following the completion of the form, a QR code will be produced, which should be shown to the Spanish health authorities upon arrival. The form can also be printed in paper format provided it is justified. Everyone should remember to fill out a separate form for each trip and each individual.
  • Antigen tests must be taken within 48 hours of arriving in Spain, whereas PCR testing must be taken within 72 hours of arriving in Spain.
  • Travellers from the majority of European Union and Schengen Area nations are exempt from the quarantine requirement as long as their infection rates remain low. Those who are allowed to enter Spain must fill out a Health Control Form and provide proof of vaccination, a negative COVID-19 test result, or proof of prior recovery.Travelers arriving in Spain from any of the high-risk countries and areas must produce a document proving they have been vaccinated with one of the vaccinations recognized by the Spanish authorities as acceptable proof of travel immunity, recovered from COVID-19, or tested negative for the virus.
  • Another eight EU and Schengen nations have specific locations that are deemed high risk, as stated below: Germany (Berlin, Hamburg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Saarland, Schleswig-Holstein), Norway (Agder, Mre og Romsdal, Nordland, Oslo, Rogaland, Troms og Finnmark, Vestland, Viken), Slovenia (Agder, Mre og Romsdal, Nordland, Oslo, Rogaland, Troms og Finnmark, Vestland, Viken (Zahodna Slovenija). As a result, visitors coming in Spain from high-risk countries for vital purposes must produce a negative COVID-19 test result obtained within 72 hours after their arrival, according to European Center for Disease Control recommendations. Documentation demonstrating that a person is free of symptoms of the virus may be requested at any time while in Spain.
  • To cross Spanish borders, British person will need to produce a negative PCR test or be fully vaccinated, according to Spanish authorities, who announced the decision on July 1. The new restrictions will have a significant impact on visitors to the Balearic Islands, which will be added to the UK’s green list on June 30, while the rest of Spain will stay on the amber list. However, upon their return, UK nationals will be exempt from the ten-day quarantine requirement, however they will still need to be tested for COVID-19 on or before day two (and quarantine if the result is positive). Before leaving, a test is also necessary.
  • Spain maintains strict regulations against particular nations in order to keep the Coronavirus situation under control and minimize the number of cases imported from other countries. As a result, qualified visitors from Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Namibia, and South Africa must undergo a 10-day quarantine once they arrive in Spain.
    • Arrivals from Brazil and South Africa landing at Spanish airports will not be allowed to enter the country, according to new limitations set by the Spanish government. Flights from South Africa and Brazil to Spain have been limited as a result of the new rule, and only the following categories of persons are permitted to enter Spain:
      • Spanish or Andorran nationals
      • Residents of Andorra or Spain
      • Passengers transiting through Spain on their way to another country with a stay of less than 24 hours who do not leave the airport’s transit zone
      • Apart from freight flights and medical, emergency, or humanitarian flights, state aircraft, Spanish search and rescue services (SAR), and flights with a stopover in the territory of Spain for non-commercial purposes with a final destination in another country are prohibited.

      Nonetheless, there are certain exceptions for a few groups of individuals who want to travel from South Africa or Brazil, including:

      • With proven proof, legal citizens of the European Union, Schengen Area nations, Andorra, Monaco, the Vatican City State, and San Marino.
      • Persons traveling to the issuing nation with a long-term visa granted by a Member State/Schengen Area country.
      • Going on or returning from a work-related travel for healthcare workers, particularly senior care professionals and health researchers.
      • Those who perform out vital transportation operations, such as seafarers, transport personnel, and aviation employees.
      • Humanitarian, diplomatic, military, civil defense, and consular personnel.
      • Students with the appropriate visa and medical insurance who are studying in Member States/Schengen nations
      • Participants at sporting events, as well as highly qualified professionals who perform important responsibilities that cannot be postponed or performed remotely
      • Those who are traveling for the sake of their families.
  • Travellers from other countries can also enter with a vaccination certificate, proof of recovery, and negative COVID-19 test results if they meet the following criteria:
    • Traveling to that nation by EU and Schengen Area residents and long-term visa holders
    • Professionals in the health care field who are going to or returning from a work-related activity
    • Personnel from the transportation, maritime, and aeronautical industries are required to conduct air transportation operations.
    • In the course of their duties, diplomatic, consular, international, military, civil protection, and humanitarian organization personnel
    • Students studying in an EU or Schengen nation who have the necessary paperwork
    • Highly qualified individuals whose job is critical to Spain’s economy and cannot be delayed or completed remotely.
    • Those who must go for urgent family reasons
    • Those who are traveling due to force majeure or humanitarian reasons

For vaccinated person

  • Third-country visitors may enter Spain for tourist purposes if they have been vaccinated against COVID-19 and have a valid certificate confirming that the final dose of vaccination occurred at least 14 days before.
  • Spain has also announced that now all travelers from France and Italy are obliged to present a certificate that proves they have been vaccinated that previously only travelers from particular regions of these two countries were subject to such requirements.

For person who previously infected from COVID-19

  • Travelers from the following third countries are able to enter if they have a COVID-19 recovery certificate or negative test results: Albania, Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brunei, Canada, China, Hong Kong SAR, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kosovo, Lebanon, Macau SAR, Montenegro, New Zealand, Qatar, Republic of Moldova, Republic of North Macedonia, Saudi Arabia.
  • Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovenia, and Sweden are now deemed high-risk nations by Spanish authorities. Arrivals from these 20 EU/Schengen countries who have not yet been vaccinated may enter Spain if they can provide proof of being infected with COVID-19 in the previous months and recovering.
  • Spain has also stated that all tourists from France and Italy must now provide a certificate proving they have been infected with the virus, when before only passengers from certain regions of these two countries were required to do so.

For unvaccinated person

  • Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovenia, and Sweden are now deemed high-risk nations by Spanish authorities. Arrivals from these countries who have not been affected can enter by showing negative COVID-19 test results.
  • Non-vaccinated US tourists have been blocked from entering the country unless for absolutely necessary circumstances since September 6, when the Spanish Ministry of Health, Consumption, and Social Welfare withdrew it from the list of epidemiologically safe third countries. As a consequence, US visitors can now enter Spain without limitation provided they produce a certificate of immunization with one of the vaccines recognized by Spanish authorities as proof of travel immunity.
  • The rest of the US tourists who are not COVID-19 vaccinated or whose vaccination does not match Spanish authorities’ standards can only enter if they belong to one of the following groups:
    • On their way to their place of residence, residents of the EU, Schengen Area, Andorra, Monaco, The Vatican (Holy See), or San Marino.
    • Long-stay visa holders from the EU/Schengen Area visiting that nation
    • Professionals in the health field, such as researchers and caregivers for the elderly
    • Personnel in the transportation, maritime, and aviation industries
    • Personnel from the diplomatic and consular services
    • International organization personnel, military personnel, civil protection personnel, and members of humanitarian groups
    • Students with the appropriate permit or visa and medical insurance attending colleges in the EU, Iceland, Switzerland, Lichtenstein, and Norway
    • Highly skilled individuals whose job is critical and cannot be delegated or completed remotely.
    • People who are traveling for vital family reasons
    • People who must enter due to a force majeure scenario or for humanitarian reasons
  • Even tourists from the United States who are exempt from the entrance restriction on non-vaccinated travelers must show confirmation of prior COVID-19 illness or negative COVID-19 test results, according to the same.

For children entry

  • The testing requirement does not apply to children under the age of six.
  • There is no requirement for children under the age of 12 to produce any type of certificate.
  • They must have a vaccination certificate between the ages of 12 and 18, excepting the exclusions, and they cannot enter with a certificate of a diagnostic test or a certificate of recovery.

For additional entry

  • Travelers are subjected to health tests such as temperature checks and eye examinations as soon as they reach Spain.
  • In addition, regardless of their place of origin, all visitors visiting the Canary Islands will be required to produce a negative test done within 72 hours of departure in order to check into their accommodations.
  • People carrying commodities or passengers, cross-border employees, and inhabitants living within 30 kilometers of the Spanish border are exempt from the testing requirement.
  • Spain has also announced that all travelers from France and Italy must now present a certificate proving that they were vaccinated, were previously infected with the virus, or had negative COVID-19 test results previously infected with the virus, whereas previously only travelers from specific regions of these two countries were required to do so.

Vaccine authorised to be used in the country

  • AstraZeneca
  • Pfizer
  • Moderna
  • J&J

Vaccine accepted for inbound travellers

Any vaccine authorised for marketing by the European Union (European Medicines Agency, EMA) and WHO will be accepted.

  • Comirnaty – Pfizer/BioNTech Manufacturing GmbH.
  • Vaxzevria – AstraZeneca
  • AstraZeneca/SK Bio, SK Bioscience Co. Ltd.
  • Vaccine AstraZeneca (Covishield™), Serum Institute of India Pvt. Ltd.
  • Janssen-Cilag International NV.
  • Moderna Biotech (Spikevax; mRNA-1273)
  • Vero Cell – Sinopharm/Beijing Institute of Biological Products Co., Ltd.
  • Sinovac-CoronaVac (Vero Cell), Sinovac Life Sciences Co., Ltd.

Border status