Country factsheets

Germany

Germany

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Date of search

14 Nov 2021


Certificate adoption

On 1 June 2021, Germany agreed to connect to the EU Digital COVID Certificate gateway and started issuing the first EU Digital COVID Certificate.


Instrument type

Vaccination based


Certificate name

EU Digital COVID Certificate


Timeline

Launch date: 1 July 2021


Certificate details

Travelers must present the EU COVID-19 Vaccination Passport, issued in German, English, French, Italian, or Spanish, in order to enter Germany without limitations. The document must have the following information and can be issued in either print or digital format:

  • The vaccinated person’s first and last name, as well as their date of birth
  • The date of vaccination and the number of vaccines received
  • The name of the vaccines
  • The name of the virus from which the vaccination was given
  • Information identifying the person or organization in charge of vaccination or certification

Using along with the EU certificates, Germany launched the CovPass app. With this app, the EU digital COVID certificates can be transfered to the smartphone. The CovPass app also shows the QR code which can prove the validity of the EU digital COVID certificates.


Certificate format

The EU digital COVID certificate is available in digital and/or paper format with QR code.

The vaccination certificate is recognized as long as it is in German, English, French, Italian, or Spanish and is in paper or digital format.


Entry protocol

For general measure

  • Generally, entrance is permitted from the following countries:
    • EU member states
    • Schengen states: Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein
    • Argentina, Australia, Bahrain, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Hong Kong, Kuwait, Jordan, Macao, Namibia, New Zealand, Peru, Qatar, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Taiwan, United Arab Emirates, Uruguay, China (to be confirmed)
  • For other countries, entrance is only permitted for fully vaccinated travellers for any reason (including visits and tourism). The travellers must have obtained the most recent vaccination dose required for complete vaccination at least 14 days before to the date of departure. However, residents of non-EU nations are only authorized to enter Germany if they play a significant role or have an urgent need to travel. As of July 2, 2020, the following travellers who meet passport and visa requirements may be regarded to have an urgent need to visit Germany:
    • Healthcare professionals, health researchers, and geriatric care providers
    • Skilled and highly trained foreign employees whose employment is economically required and whose work cannot be delayed or conducted overseas
    • Cargo transportation and other transportation employees
    • Agricultural seasonal laborers
    • Sailors in transit to a ship’s port of departure or to an airport in order to return to a non-EU nation
    • Foreign students whose course of study is not fully available from abroad, and also trainees and nationals of non-EU countries entering Germany to acquire qualifications if their training or qualification program is not fully available from abroad.
    • Individuals coming to Germany to join their families, as well as individuals visiting Germany for urgent family reasons
    • Individuals in need of international protection or other humanitarian reasons, including urgent medical reasons – ambassadors, employees of international organizations, military personnel, and humanitarian assistance workers performing their duties
    • Ethnic German resettlers
    • Transit passengers, or if fully vaccinated If an individual has their domicile or habitual abode in a nation, they are termed a resident. A person is deemed to have a residence in a nation if they have spent the previous six months there.
  • Travellers aged twelve and up entering Germany from any other country or territory must provide confirmation of a negative COVID-19 test result, a full COVID-19 vaccination, or illness recovery. If appropriate, these documents must be submitted to the airline before to departure and retained by the airline before entering the country.
    However these limitation aren’t included:

    • German nationals and close family members are exempt from these immigration restrictions (spouses, children under 18, parents of children under 18).
    • Citizens of the European Union – Citizens of Liechtenstein, Switzerland, Norway, and Iceland
    • Members of their close relatives (spouses, children under the age of 18, and parents of children under the age of 18).
  • The same is applicable for non-EU nationals with a valid long-term resident permit from an EU or Schengen country, as well as their immediate family members, as long as they adhere to passport and visa limitations. Non-EU citizens may enter Germany for the first time if they demonstrate that one of the exceptions to the entry restrictions applies to them, i.e., if they are residents of a country that permits unrestricted entrance into Germany, or if they are fully vaccinated.

For vaccinated travellers

  • Proof of full vaccination protection against the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus is provided if vaccinated passengers have received the approved vaccine specified on the vaccine permitted for use in country subject and one of the following:
    • a) They must get the whole vaccine for at least 14 days following the last dose injection. Although if vaccinated travelers have only received one dose, a single vaccine dose with one of the accept vaccines for inbound travellers lists is adequate if the person concerned can show a specific positive antibody test carried out on him in German, English, French, Italian, or Spanish in embodied or digital form, and this test took place when the person concerned still hadn’t received a vaccination against COVID-19.
    • b) They were given a vaccination dosage for a recovered individual with proof of recovery. A proof of recovery is evidence of a past infection with the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus in the individual concerned in German, English, French, Italian, or Spanish, in embodied or digital form, if the underlying testing was performed by laboratory diagnostics employing nucleic acid detection (PCR, PoC-PCR or other methods of nucleic acid amplification technology).
  • If vaccinated travelers come from “high-incidence regions in the recent 10 days or have remained in a high-incidence area, they must self-isolate until they send to digital registration on entrance for evidence of vaccination against COVID-19.”

For recovered travellers

  • If recovered travelers are from high-incidence areas who have been in the last 10 days or have stayed in a high-incidence area, they must self-isolate until they send to the digital registration on entry for proof of recovery from COVID-19, certified by a positive PCR test result obtained at least 28 days prior and no older than 6 months.

For unvaccinated travellers

  • Entry from foreign nations is only permitted in extraordinary circumstances for those who have not yet been vaccinated.
    • Entry for the purpose of family reunion or marriage
    • Entry for a short period of time by immediate family members who are nationals of countries other than the EU
    • Short-term entrance by first- and second-degree relatives who are nationals of non-EU countries only if urgent family reasons are proved.
    • Short-term entry by more distant family members only if urgent family reasons are demonstrated.
    • Please see additional details at for further information. https://www.bmi.bund.de/SharedDocs/faqs/EN/topics/civil-protection/coronavirus/travel-restrictions-border-control/travel-restriction-border-control-list.html#f14104798
  • All travelers entering the country, regardless of whether they spent time in a high-risk region or in an area with variations of concern, are required to produce confirmation of lack of infection with the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus upon arrival (test result or proof of vaccination or recovery). It should be noted that the severe requirement for anyone entering the nation to undergo testing following a stay in a region with variations of concern remains in effect.
  • In general, the following types of proof are acceptable:
    • Evidence of a negative test result:
      • A negative test result acquired in German, English, French, Italian, or Spanish utilizing nucleic acid amplification technique (e.g., PCR, PoC-PCR). The test must have been performed no more than 72 hours before entrance (time of swabbing).
      • Alternatively, a negative antigen rapid test result in any of the following languages: German, English, French, Italian, or Spanish. The test must have been performed no more than 48 hours before to admission after a stay in a high-risk location. The test must have been performed no more than 24 hours before to entrance after a stay in an area of variation of concern.
  • Unvaccinated travelers from “high-incidence areas who have been in the past 10 days or have remained in a high-incidence area must self-isolate until they submit to digital registration on entrance for verification of pre-departure negative PCR test done within 72 hours before to arrival” (or a rapid antigen test taken within 48 hours prior to arrival). In this situation, the 10-day quarantine period may be terminated if a negative test is performed no sooner than 5 days following admission. Self-isolation for minors under the age of 12 is automatically terminated after 5 days.

For children

Children under the age of 12 are excluded from the requirement to provide evidence.


Vaccine authorised to be used in the country

  • Moderna
  • Pfizer/BioNTech
  • Janssen (Johnson & Johnson)
  • Oxford/Astrazeneca

Vaccine accepted for inbound travellers

  • BioNTech/Pfizer Manufacturing GmbH, Comirnaty (including BNT162b2/COMIRNATY, Tozinameran)
  • Janssen-Cilag International NV
  • Moderna Biotech Spain, S.L., Spikevax (including mRNA-1273)
  • AstraZeneca AB, Schweden, Vaxzevria (including AZD 1222)
  • Covishield
  • Combine vaccine
    • AstraZeneca + Pfizer
    • AstraZeneca + Moderna
    • Pfizer + Moderna

Border status

Partially open. In principle, entry is possible from:

EU member states
states associated with Schengen: Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein
other countries from which entry is possible in light of the epidemiological situation assessment by the EU.
Entry from any other country is currently only possible in exceptional cases and is conditional on there being an urgent need. From 25 June 2021, fully vaccinated persons from such countries will, subject to certain conditions, also be able to enter Germany again for other purposes such as visits and as tourists.


Remarks

  • The following states / regions are currently considered virus variant areas:
    • No states / regions are currently considered virus variant areas.
  • The following countries are currently considered to be high-risk areas:
    • Albania, Armenia, Austria (the exception of the municipalities of Mittelberg and Jungholz and the Riss valley in the municipal area of Vomp and Eben am Achensee)
    • Barbados, Belarus, Belize, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burundi, Bonaire
    • Costa Rica, Cameroon, Congo, Croatia, Czech Republic
    • Dominica
    • El Salvador, Egypt, Ethiopia, Estonia
    • France, French Guiana
    • Gabon, Georgia, Guyana, Guatemala
    • Haiti
    • Iran, Ireland
    • Yemen
    • Laos, Latvia, Libya, Lithuania
    • Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro
    • Nicaragua, New Caledonia, North Korea, Netherlands, North Macedonia
    • Sint Eustatius, Saba, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, São Tomé and Príncipe, Serbia, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sudan, Suriname, Syrian Arab Republic
    • Papua New Guinea, Philippines
    • Romania, Russian Federation
    • Tajikistan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Turkmenistan
    • Ukraine
    • Hungary
    • Uzbekistan
    • Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic
    • United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland including the Isle of Man as well as all Channel Islands and all British overseas territories
    • Vietnam

Reference

(1) https://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/en/einreiseundaufenthalt/coronavirus
(2) https://ec.europa.eu/info/live-work-travel-eu/coronavirus-response/safe-covid-19-vaccines-europeans_en
(3) https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2021/06/18/council-updates-the-list-of-countries-special-administrative-regions-and-other-entities-and-territorial-authorities-for-which-travel-restrictions-should-be-lifted/
(4) https://digitaler-impfnachweis-app.de/
(5) https://ec.europa.eu/info/live-work-travel-eu/coronavirus-response/safe-covid-19-vaccines-europeans/eu-digital-covid-certificate_en
(6)https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_2721

(7)https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/germany-permits-fully-vaccinated-ukrainians-to-enter-the-country-for-non-essential-reasons/

(8)https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/starting-from-tuesday-germany-bans-travel-from-portugal-russia-over-covid-delta-variant/

(9)https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/eu-executive-criticises-germany-for-banning-travel-from-portugal/

(10)https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/who-can-travel-to-germany-this-summer-what-are-the-rules/

(11)https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/germany-tightens-entry-restrictions-for-travellers-from-spain-regions-of-ireland/

(12)https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/germany-permits-entry-for-non-vaccinated-tourists-from-25-third-countries/

(13)https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/germany-permits-entry-for-travellers-jabbed-with-5-covid-19-vaccines-including-covishield/

(14)https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/germany-imposes-stricter-entry-rules-for-arrivals-from-spain-netherlands-georgia/

(15)https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/confirmed-germany-imposes-mandatory-covid-19-testing-requirement-for-unvaccinated-people/

(16)https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/germany-facilitates-entry-rules-from-several-third-countries-including-south-africa/

(17)https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/southern-frances-residents-face-stricter-entry-restrictions-when-travelling-to-germany/

(18)https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/germany-lifts-quarantine-requirement-for-unvaccinated-dutch-travellers/

(19)https://www.schengenvisainfo.com/news/germany-travel-restrictions-7-more-third-countries-added-to-list-of-high-risk-areas-including-japan/

(20)https://www.pei.de/DE/newsroom/dossier/coronavirus/coronavirus-inhalt.html;jsessionid=5817D49325ADB017CB041CD6C75E37E8.intranet242?nn=169730&cms_pos=3

(21) https://www.bmi.bund.de/SharedDocs/faqs/EN/topics/civil-protection/coronavirus/travel-restrictions-border-control/IV-restrictions-applying-to-air-and-sea-travel-outside-of-europe/what-constitutes-an-imperative-need-for-travel.html;jsessionid=50C541CF4BA4FAE7CCE6938C1FBED1A2.1_cid364

(22) https://reopen.europa.eu/en/map/DEU/7001

(23) https://www.bundesgesundheitsministerium.de/en/service/gesetze-und-verordnungen/guv-19-lp/coronavirus-einreiseverordnung.html

(24) https://www.bmi.bund.de/SharedDocs/faqs/EN/topics/civil-protection/coronavirus/travel-restrictions-border-control/travel-restriction-border-control-list.html#f13919566

(25) https://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/en/coronavirus/2317268?openAccordionId=item-2415616-1-panel